Distributed Object Storage


question Questions
  • How does Galaxy locate data?

  • How can I have Galaxy use multiple storage locations?

objectives Objectives
  • Setup Galaxy with both the Hierarachical and Distributed Object Storages

requirements Requirements

time Time estimation: 30 minutes

Supporting Materials

Expanding Storage

You may find that your Galaxy files directory has run out of space, but you don’t want to move all of the files from one filesystem to another. One solution to this problem is to use Galaxy’s hierarchical object store to add an additional file space for Galaxy.

Alternatively, you may wish to write new datasets to more than one filesystem. For this, you can use Galaxy’s distributed object store.

This tutorial assumes you have done the “Ansible for installing Galaxy” tutorial, it references the base configuration set up in that tutorial in numerous places.


  1. Expanding Storage
  2. Hierarchical Object Store
  3. Distributed Object Store

Hierarchical Object Store

First, note that your Galaxy datasets have been created thus far in the directory /data, due to galaxy_config: galaxy: file_path. In some cases, we run out of storage in a particular location. Galaxy allows us to add additional storage locations where it will create new datasets, while still looking in the old locations for old datasets. You will not have to migrate any of your datasets, and can just “plug and play” with new storage pools.

hands_on Hands-on: Adding Hierarchical Storage

  1. Open your group variables file and set the object_store_config_file variable:

        object_store_config_file: "{{ galaxy_config_dir }}/object_store_conf.xml"
  2. In your group variables file, add it to the galaxy_config_files section:

      - src: files/galaxy/config/object_store_conf.xml
        dest: "{{ galaxy_config.galaxy.object_store_config_file }}"
  3. Create and edit files/galaxy/config/object_store_conf.xml with the following contents:

    <?xml version="1.0"?>
    <object_store type="hierarchical">
            <backend id="newdata" type="disk" order="0">
                <files_dir path="/data2" />
                <extra_dir type="job_work" path="/data2/job_work_dir" />
            <backend id="olddata" type="disk" order="1">
                <files_dir path="/data" />
                <extra_dir type="job_work" path="/data/job_work_dir" />
  4. Add a pre_task to create the /data2 folder using the file module, exactly like for the /data folder.

  5. Run the playbook and restart Galaxy

  6. Run a couple of jobs after Galaxy has restarted, run a couple of jobs.

    question Question

    Where is the data now stored?

    solution Solution

    You should see /data2 in the Full Path, if not, something went wrong. Check that your “order” is correct

Distributed Object Store

Rather than searching a hierarchy of object stores until the dataset is found, Galaxy can store the ID (in the database) of the object store in which a dataset is located when the dataset is created. This allows Galaxy to write to more than one object store for new datasets.

hands_on Hands-on: Distributed Object Store

  1. Edit your files/galaxy/config/object_store_conf.xml file and replace the contents with:

    <?xml version="1.0"?>
    <object_store type="distributed">
            <backend id="newdata" type="disk" weight="1">
                <files_dir path="/data2"/>
                <extra_dir type="job_work" path="/data2/job_work_dir"/>
            <backend id="olddata" type="disk" weight="1">
                <files_dir path="/data"/>
                <extra_dir type="job_work" path="/data/job_work_dir"/>
  2. Run the playbook, restart Galaxy

  3. Run 4 or so jobs, and check where the output appear. You should see that they are split relatively evenly between the two data directories.

Sites like UseGalaxy.eu use the distributed object store in order to balance dataset storage across 10 different storage pools.

details More documentation

More information can be found in the sample file.

warning Warning: switching object store types will cause issues

We have switched between two different object stores here, but this is not supported. If you need to do this, you will need to update datasets in Galaxy’s database. Any datasets that were created as hierarchical will lack the object_store_id, and you will need to supply the correct one. Do not just blindly copy these instructions, please understand what they do before running them and talk to us on Gitter for more help

  1. Move the datasets to their new location: sudo -u galaxy rsync -avr /hierarchical/000/ /distributed/000/

  2. Update the database: sudo -Hu galaxy psql galaxy -c "UPDATE dataset SET object_store_id='data';"

  3. Restart your Galaxy

keypoints Key points

  • The distributed object store configuration allows you to easily expand that storage that is attached to your Galaxy.

  • You can move data around without affecting users.

congratulations Congratulations on successfully completing this tutorial!